Putin si putinismul pdf

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How to define the Putinist regime? Is it authoritarianism disguised as democracy? Or is it a disguised form of autocracy that is part of the continuity of Russian history? Are we dealing instead with a mafia oligarchy that only wants to get rich? In what way has the KGB left its mark on Russia today? Can Putin’s regime be identified entirely with the Kremlin overlord? Will it outlive him? What are its reserves of stability? Why does the Russian opposition feel weak and disunited in the face of a regime whose failures are increasingly glaring? Françoise Thom – one of the best-known specialists in the history of the Soviet Union and post-communist Russia – analyses Russia’s foreign policy on the basis of developments in its domestic politics. The paradox of this country emerges: the affirmation of a ‘Russian civilisation’ that turns its back on the West conceals the Kremlin’s nihilistic passion and its nefarious influence in Russia and the world.

According to Françoise Thom, post-Soviet Russia is structured, as in the time of the Tsars, by a vast territorial empire controlled by a centralizing and abusive power that arbitrarily and systematically confiscates… the wealth of this enormous country for the benefit of an oligarchy subservient to a clan and its leader, Vladimir Putin. ( Esprit )

Three fundamental obstacles stand in the way of understanding the Putinist phenomenon. The first is the misperception of Russian post-communism in terms of ‘transition’; we focus on the supposed end point (liberal democracy) without asking whether the social substrate allows for such a development. The second error of perspective is to believe that the Putinist phenomenon coincides chronologically with Putin’s coming to power in 1999-2000 and that the Putinist system represents the antithesis of Boris Yeltsin’s regime, when in fact the foundations of this system have been laid since 1992-1993 and its roots go back much further. The third mistake is to imagine that this regime is specifically Russian, whereas it was born by connecting archaic post-communist society to very recent and very little understood trends at work in our post-modern Western societies. It is precisely this originality of the Putinist phenomenon that makes it difficult to define. (FRANÇOISE THOM)

Informație:

Autor: Francoise Thom
Editura: Humanitas
Colectie: Istorie
Anul aparitiei: 2.020
Luna aparitiei: 11
Tip coperta: Brosata
Numar de pagini: 176
Format: 130 x 200
ISBN: 9789735069896
Cod de bare: 9789735069896

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